Historian Elliot Short’s research on how wars ended revealed 180 cases in which warfare was stopped or prevented since 1990. Nearly 200 organizations, Governmental and non-governmental, are continuing the work of reducing armed conflict in the world.
These reports not only prove that we can reduce armed conflict, but provide valuable information about how it has been done. Peacekeeping organizations can learn from these many past successes as they address the armed conflicts that continue to plague many parts of the world.
Professor Ore Koren of Indiana University has just completed an analysis of 141 cases of successful peacemaking.
Searching in over 1000 sources, Dr. Elliot Short found 180 cases in which wars had been stopped or prevented between 1990 and 2021. See https://howwestopwar.com/. For each, he reported “Main Implementing Organizations” in one of 5 categories:
In many cases, he listed more than 1 main implementing organization. Natalia Kanos then listed the number of each type of organization or group of organizations that Dr. Short listed as main implementing organization.
The Better Evidence Project at George Mason University was established to encourage the use of hard evidence as the basis for decisions about how best to reduce warfare. To do that, it is building a large, easy-to-use resource library and a hub for collaboration and exchange of information by members of the Peacebuilding community.
the cost of conflict
With the limited resources available to the peacebuilding field, focusing our resources on activities that are cost-effective will go a long way to determining the results we achieve.